Use Restrictions and Rules
Section 1. General. This Article, beginning at Section 2, sets out certain use restrictions which must be complied with by all Owners and Occupants. These use restrictions may only be amended in the manner provided in Article XII, Section 4, hereof regarding amendment of this Declaration. In addition, the Board, by a two-thirds (2/3) vote, may, from time to time, without consent of the Members, promulgate, modify, or delete other use restrictions and rules and regulations applicable to the Community. This authority shall include, but shall not be limited to, the right to limit the type and size of vehicles within the Community and to set the maximum and minimum speeds of vehicles on private streets within the Community and to impose all other necessary traffic and parking regulations and to restrict the maximum noise levels of vehicles in the Community. The Board may also restrict certain portions of the recreational facilities administered by the Association to adults only. Such use restrictions and rules shall be distributed to all Owners and Occupants prior to the date that they are to become effective and shall thereafter be binding upon all Owners and Occupants until and unless overruled, canceled, or modified in a regular or special meeting by a Majority of the total Association vote entitled to vote thereon and, so long as the Declarant has an option unilaterally to subject additional property to this Declaration as provided in Article IX hereof, the consent of Declarant.
Section 2. Residential Use. All Residences shall be used for single-family residential purposes exclusively. No business or business activity shall be carried on in or upon any Residence at any time except with the written approval of the Board. Leasing of a Residence shall not be considered a business or business activity. However, the Board may permit Residence to be used for business purposes so long as such business, in the sole discretion of the Board, does not otherwise violate the provisions of the Declaration or By-Laws, does not create a disturbance. The Board may issue rules regarding permitted business activities. Residences of more than two stories are prohibited.
Section 3. Signs. No sign of any kind shall be erected by an Owner or Occupant within the Community without the prior written consent of the Architectural Review Committee. Notwithstanding the foregoing, both the Declarant and the Board shall have the right to erect reasonable and appropriate signs, and “For Sale” and “For Rent” signs consistent with the Community-Wide Standard may be erected upon any Residence. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to any Person holding a Mortgage who become the Owner of any Residence as purchaser at a judicial or foreclosure sale conducted with respect to a first Mortgage or as transferee pursuant to any proceeding in lieu thereof.
Section 4. Vehicles and Garages. The term “vehicles,” as used herein, shall include, without limitation, motor homes, boats, trailers, motorcycles, minibikes, scooters, go-carts, trucks, campers, buses, vans, and automobiles. All vehicles shall be parked within garages, driveways, or other Board approved paved parking areas on a Lot. Parking in yards is prohibited.
No vehicle may be left upon any portion of the Community, except in a garage or other area designated by the Board, for a period longer than five (5) days if it is unlicensed or if it is in a condition such that it is incapable of being operated upon the public highways. After such five (5) day period, such vehicle shall be considered a nuisance and may be removed from the Community. Any towed vehicle, boat, recreational vehicle, motor home, or mobile home regularly stored in the Community or temporarily kept in the Community, except if kept in a garage or other area designated by the Board, for periods longer than twenty-four (24) hours each shall be considered a nuisance and may be removed from the Community. Trucks with mounted campers which are an Owner’s or Occupant’s primary means of transportation shall not be considered recreational vehicles, provided they are used on a regular basis for transportation and the camper is stored out of public view upon removal.
No motorized vehicles shall be permitted on pathways or unpaved Common Property except for public safety vehicles and vehicles authorized by the Board.
Residences shall contain, as a minimum, a two-car garage; carports shall not be permitted. Garage doors shall be kept closed at all times, except when garage is in use. No garage door may face directly onto a street.
Section 5. Leasing. Residences may be leased for residential purposes. All leases shall require, without limitation, that the tenant acknowledge receipt of a copy of the Declaration, By- Laws, use restrictions, and rules and regulations of the Association. The lease shall also obligate the tenant to comply with the foregoing and shall provide that in the event of noncompliance, the Board, in addition to any other remedies available to it, may evict the tenant on behalf of the Owner and specifically assess all costs associated therewith against the Owner and the Owner’s property.
Section 6. Occupants Bound. All provisions of the Declaration, By-Laws, and of any rules and regulations, use restrictions or design guidelines promulgated pursuant thereto which govern the conduct of Owners and which provide for sanctions against Owners shall also apply to all Occupants even though Occupants are not specifically mentioned. Fines may be levied against Owners or Occupants. If a fine is first levied against an Occupant and is not paid timely, the fine may then be additionally levied against the Owner. Section 7. Animals and Pets. No animals, livestock, or poultry of any kind may be raised, bred, kept, or permitted on any Residence, with the exception of dogs, cats, or other usual and common household pets in reasonable number, as determined by the Board; provided, however, those pets which are permitted to roam free, or in the sole discretion of the Board, endanger health, make objectionable noise, (including, but not limited to barking dogs) or constitute a nuisance or inconvenience to the Association members or Occupants or the owner of any property located adjacent to the Community may be removed by the Board. No pets shall be kept, bred or maintained for any commercial purpose. Dogs which are household pets shall at all times whenever they are outside a Residence be on a leash or otherwise confined in a manner acceptable to the Board. Without prejudice to the Board’s right to remove any such household pets, no household pet that has caused damage or injury may be walked in the Community. Animal control authorities shall be permitted to enter the Community to patrol and remove pets. Pets shall be registered, licensed and inoculated as required by law.
Section 8. Nuisance. It shall be the responsibility of each Owner and Occupant to prevent the development of any unclean, unhealthy, unsightly, or unkempt condition on his or her property. No property within the Community shall be used, in whole or in part, for the storage of any property or thing that will cause such Residence to appear to be in an unclean or untidy condition or that will be obnoxious to the eye; nor shall any substance, thing, or material be kept that will emit foul or obnoxious odors or that will cause any noise or other condition that will or might disturb the peace, quiet, safety, comfort, or serenity of the occupants of surrounding property. No noxious or offensive activity shall be carried on within the Community, nor shall anything be done tending to cause embarrassment, discomfort, annoyance, or nuisance to any Person using any property within the Community. There shall not be maintained any plants or animals or device or thing of any sort whose activities or existence is noxious, dangerous, unsightly, unpleasant, or of a nature as may diminish or destroy the enjoyment of the Community.
Section 9. Unsightly or Unkempt Conditions. The pursuit of hobbies or other activities, including specifically, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the assembly and disassembly of motor vehicles and other mechanical devices, which might tend to cause disorderly, unsightly, or unkempt conditions, shall not be pursued or undertaken in any part of the Community.
Section 10. Architectural Standards. No exterior construction, alteration, addition, or erection of any nature whatsoever shall be commenced or placed upon any part of the Community, except such as is installed by the Declarant, or as is approved in accordance with this Section, or as is otherwise expressly permitted herein. No exterior construction, addition erection, or alteration shall be made unless and until plans and specifications showing at least the nature, kind, shape, height, materials, and location shall have been submitted in writing to and approved by Architectural Review Committee(s) established by the Declarant. A $75 plan review fee shall be paid to the Declarant, its successors and assigns, which is to be submitted along with the proposed building plans. The following items, without limitation, will be submitted to the Architectural Control Committee for new home construction: house plans, site plans, landscaping plans, and exterior color and material schedule. The Declarant may employ for the Architectural Review Committee architects, engineers, or other Persons necessary to enable the Committee to perform its review. The Architectural Review Committee may, from time to time, delegate any of its rights or responsibilities hereunder to one (1) or more duly licensed architects or other qualified persons, which shall have full authority to act on behalf of the committee for all matters delegated and in the event of such delegation, the applicant shall be required to pay any fees charged by such architects or other qualified persons. The Declarant/Architectural Review Committee may also delegate certain responsibilities to one or more Owners or other individuals.
In the event that the Architectural Review Committee fails to approve or to disapprove submitted plans and specifications within forty-five (45) days after the plans and specifications have been submitted to it, approval will not be required, and this Section will be deemed to have been fully complied with. As a condition of approval under this Section, an Owner, on behalf of himself and his successors-in-interest, shall assume all responsibilities for maintenance, repair, replacement, and insurance to and on any change, modification, addition, or alteration. In the discretion of the Architectural Review Committee, an Owner may be made to verify such condition of approval by a recordable written instrument acknowledged by such Owner on behalf of himself and his successors-in-interest. The Architectural Review Committee shall be the sole arbiter of such plans and may withhold approval for any reason, including purely aesthetic considerations, and it shall be entitled to stop any construction in violation of these restrictions. Any member of the Board or its representatives shall have the right, during reasonable hours and after reasonable notice, to enter upon any property to inspect for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not these restrictive covenants have been or are being complied with. Such Person or Persons shall not be deemed guilty of trespass by reason of such entry. In addition to any other remedies available to the Association, in the event of noncompliance with this Section, the Board may, as provided in Article XII, Section 1, hereof, record in the appropriate land records a notice of violation naming the violating Owner.
Plans and specifications are not approved for engineering or structural design or quality of materials, and by approving such plans and specifications neither the Architectural Review Committee, the members thereof, nor the Association assumes liability or responsibility therefore, nor for any defect in any structure constructed from such plans and specifications. Neither Declarant, the Association, the Architectural Review Committee, the Board, nor the officers, directors, members, employees, and agents of any of them shall be liable in damages to anyone submitting plans and specifications to any of them for approval, or to any Owner of property affected by these restrictions by reason of mistake in judgment, negligence, or nonfeasance arising out of or in connection with the approval or disapproval or failure to approve or disapprove any such plans or specifications. Every Person who submits plans or specifications and every Owner agrees that he will not bring any action or suit against Declarant, the Association, the Architectural Review Committee, the Board, or the officers, directors, members, employees, and agents of any of them to recover any such damages and hereby releases, remises, quit-claims, and covenants not to sue for all claims, demands, and causes of action arising out of or in connection with any judgment, negligence, or nonfeasance and hereby waives the provisions of any law which provides that a general release does not extend to claims, demands, and causes of action not known at the time the release is given.
Section 11. Antennas. No exterior antennas of any kind shall be placed, allowed, or maintained upon any portion of the Community, including any Residence without the prior written consent of the Board or its designee. No free standing antennas whatsoever shall be placed on any Residence. The Board or its designee may approve the installation of radio antennas which do not protrude above the roof line of the Residence at its highest point and are not visible from the street in front of the Residence. Each Owner and Occupant acknowledges that this provision benefits all Owners and Occupants and each Owner and Occupant agrees to comply with this provision despite the fact that the erection of an outdoor antenna or similar device would be the most cost-effective way to transmit or receive the signals sought to be transmitted or received. No “satellite receiving dish” larger than twenty-four (24) inches in diameter shall be allowed in the Community.
Section 12. Tree Removal. No trees shall be removed without the express consent of the Declarant or Board or their respective designee, except for (a) diseased or dead trees; (b) trees less than six (6) inches in diameter; (c) trees needing to be removed for safety reasons; or (d) trees in the immediate location of building approved by the Architectural Review Committee.
Section 13. Drainage. Catch basins and drainage areas are for the purpose of natural flow of water only. No obstructions or debris shall be placed in these areas. No Owner or Occupant may obstruct or rechannel the drainage flows after location and installation of drainage swales, storm sewers, or storm drains except with the permission of the Architectural Review Committee. Declarant hereby reserves a perpetual easement across all Community property for the purpose of altering drainage and water flow. Rights exercised pursuant to such reserved easement shall be exercised with a minimum of interference to the quiet enjoyment of affected property, reasonable steps shall be taken to protect such property, and damage shall be repaired by the Person causing the damage at its sole expense.
Section 14. Site Distance at Intersections. All property located at street intersections shall be landscaped so as to permit safe sight across the street corners. No fence, wall, hedge, or shrub planting shall be placed or permitted to remain where this would create a traffic or sight problem.
Section 15. Clotheslines, Garbage Cans, Woodpiles, Etc. All clotheslines, garbage cans, woodpiles, swimming pool pumps, filters and related equipment, air conditioning compressors and other similar items shall be located or screened so as to be concealed from view of neighboring streets and property. All rubbish, trash, and garbage shall be regularly removed and shall not be allowed to accumulate. Declarant, however, hereby expressly reserves the right to dump and bury rocks and trees on property within the Community as needed for efficient construction and to allow developers and builders within the Community to bury rocks and trees removed from a building site on such building site. Trash, garbage, debris, or other waste matter of any kind may not be burned within the Community, except when done during the normal construction of a residence or by Declarant.
Section 16. Subdivision of Lot. No Lot shall be subdivided or its boundary lines changed except with the prior written approval of the Declarant or its designee. Declarant, however, hereby expressly reserves the right to replat any Residence or Residences owned by Declarant during the time in which Declarant may annex property. After the expiration of the Declarant’s right to annex, the Board must approve all resubdivisions. Any such division, boundary line change, or replatting shall not be in violation of the applicable subdivision and zoning regulations.
Section 17. Guns. The use of firearms in the Community is prohibited. The term “firearms” includes “B-B” guns, pellet guns, and firearms of all types.
Section 18. Fencing. No fence or fencing type barrier of any kind shall be placed, erected, allowed, or maintained upon any portion of the Community, including any Residence, without the prior written consent of the Architectural Review Committee or its designee. Only pre-stained shadow box arch fences shall be allowed. No fence will be higher than six feet from the final ground level to the top of the fence except by special permission of the Architectural Control Committee. Brick must be used at the corner posts and all property points. No roughsawn board of any kind will be used in the fence. All wood will be maintained in a satisfactory manner. No chain link fence will be allowed within the subdivision. Fences regardless of construction, will not be permitted any nearer, to front lot line than the rear most corner of the dwelling except in special circumstances.
Except for approved privacy fences erected around pools and patios, there shall be no solid fences erected in the back yards of residences of Lake Lot Owners, nor any other structure closer than forty (40) feet to the back lot line. The intent of this regulation as related to Lake Lot Owners is to present an aesthetically pleasing, “non-walled off” appearance from, to, and in the vicinity of Lakes. With approval of the Architectural Review Committee, a four (4) feet high wrought iron fence may be erected.
Section 19. Lakes. This Section, Article XI, Sections 4 and 5 of this Declaration, and rules, use restrictions and design guidelines issued by the Board or its designee shall govern the use of such lakes as may exist in the Community or such lakes as are made available for the use of all Owners and Occupants in the Community and activities related thereto. Fishing shall be permitted so long as a license is obtained from the appropriate governmental authority. Swimming, ice skating and water skiing shall not be permitted, except as specifically approved by the Board. Unless approved by the Board or its designee, no Owner may construct a dock. Retaining walls and similar structures shall not be installed without the prior written approval of the Board or its designee. Except as may be approved by the Board or its designee, boats shall not be permitted on the lakes.
Section 20. Utility Lines. No overhead utility lines, including lines for cable television, shall be permitted within the Community, except for temporary lines as required during construction and lines installed by or at the request of Declarant.
Section 21. Air-Conditioning Units. Except as may be permitted by the Architectural Control Committee or its designee, no window air conditioning units may be installed.
Section 22. Artificial Vegetation, Exterior Sculpture, and Similar Items. No artificial vegetation shall be permitted on the exterior of any property. Exterior sculpture, fountains, flags, and similar items must be approved by the Architectural Control Committee or its designee.
Section 23. Energy Conservation Equipment. No solar energy collector panels or attendant hardware or other energy conservation equipment shall be constructed or installed unless they are an integral and harmonious part of the architectural design of a structure, as determined in the sole discretion of the Architectural Control Committee or its designee.
Section 24. Above-Ground Swimming Pools. Except as may be permitted by the Architectural Control Committee or its designee, above ground swimming pools shall not be erected.
Section 25. Driveways. Except as may be permitted by the Architectural Control Committee or its designee, driveways shall be constructed with concrete.
Section 26. Exteriors. Except as may be permitted by the Architectural Control Committee or its designee, the exterior of all improvements including, without limitation, Residences must be repainted in a color used in the original construction of Residences within the Community. No Residence exterior shall be constructed of untreated wood. All such exteriors must be painted or specifically approved by the Architectural Review Committee.
Section 27. Window Coverings. Aluminum foil on window panes, mirrored or reflective glass is not allowed.
Section 28. Chimneys. All chimneys that are on the exterior wall must have either brick or stone on the three exterior sides of the chimney. Interior chimneys may have either a siding or stucco product on all four sides of the chimney.
Section 29. Lake and Park Lot Restrictions. Notwithstanding any other subdivision restrictions, all dwellings and permitted accessory building constructed on lots that abut either the Community’s lake or a designated park area shall have an exterior of at least 95% brick and/or stone construction, including gable ends. The provision may be specifically exempted by the architectural control committee, but will only be considered because of unusual architectural constraints.
Section 30. Mailboxes. Only approved mailboxes can be installed in the community. Each mailbox must be the designated model of the Architectural Control Committee, or its designee. Each mailbox shall have a black finish.
Section 31. Landscaping. The purpose of this restriction is to promote landscape development of single family residential lots that will preserve and appreciate the value of the development by promoting a high quality, cohesive level of landscaping. These requirements may be altered or amended at the discretion of the architectural control committee.
Guideline for Landscaping Planning:
(a) Existing vegetation and trees should be preserved whenever possible to provide screening and lend an established feeling to the Community.
(b) Shrubs should be well distributed, but not necessarily evenly spaced. Shrubs may be used for screening and to minimize the visual impact of driveways and parking areas.
(c) Earth berms may be used to create a sense of enclosure and to screen driveways, especially if planted with shrubbery.
(d) Unified mulched planting beds edged in materials such as brick, steel or wood look neat longer and their shape is preserved.
(e) Exterior building material colors should be considered when selecting flowering trees and shrubs so that colors will not compete with or negate each other.
General Landscape Requirements:
(a) A landscape plan shall be included as part of the lot development package submittal. This plan will include the entire lot and indicate the following:
(I) General information, including date, north arrow, and scale of one inch to no more than fifty feet; all property lines, locations of all easements and rights-of-way; name and telephone numbers of builder and owner.
(ii) Construction information, including the locations of buildings, driveways, walks, walls, fences, and terraces.
(iii) Locations, caliper, species (common name), and intended treatment (move, remove, or save) of existing trees six inches or greater at breast height.
(iv) A schedule of all new and existing required plants proposed for landscaping, including size (caliper and height, container size, etc.) common names (genus, species, and variety) of trees, shrubs, and ground cover, and type and amount of turf grasses.
(b) The front yard of each lot shall be planted with three large trees (4.1, ii, iii) and three small trees (4.iv, v), to include no more than one evergreen. Shrubbery required in the front yard shall be a minimum of eight shrubs, at least half of which shall be species evergreen in this climate. Shrubs shall be planted in a bed of mulch or ground cover other than turf grass.
(c) The rear yard shall be planted with two large trees (4.1, ii, iii), and two small trees (4.iv, v).
(d) All proposed trees shall conform to be the minimum size standard listed below, based on American Standards for Nursery Stock, ANSI Z60.1, published by the American Association of Nurserymen and approved by the American National Standards Institute, as follows:
Suggested Large Trees:
(I) Type 1, Shade trees, 12′ height range – Sugar Maple, Red Maple, Tulip Poplar, Sycamore, Red Oak, White Oak, and Willow Oak.
(ii) Type 2, Shade trees, 6′ to 8′ height range – Weeping Willow, Bradford Pear, Golden Rain Tree, Southern Magnolia, Zelkova, River Birch and European Birch.
(iii) Type 5, Coniferous Evergreens, 5′ to 6′ height range – Pine species, Hemlock and Spruce.
Suggested Smaller Trees:
(iv) Type 3, Small upright trees, 6′ to 7′ height range – Redbud, Crabapple, Crepe Myrtle, Cherry Laurel, and Flowering Plum.
(v) Type 4, Small spreading trees, 5′ to 6′ height range – Flowering Dogwood, Star Magnolia, Flowering Cherry, and Japanese Maple.
(e) If existing trees meet requirements of this covenant in all respects, required trees of the covenant may be omitted. Each existing tree meeting requirements may count, at the option of the owner, for one of the trees in its required class, provided it:
(I) Is not one of the following species: Boxelder, silver maple, catalpa, cottonwood, camphor, mimosa, chinaberry, princesstree, or Siberian elm.
(ii) Has a live crown and is free from serious root, trunk, and crown injury.
(iii) Is indicated on the landscaping plan as a tree “to be saved.”
(iv) Is situated so that it can be incorporated into the landscape with minimal grade, cut, or fill under the drip line of the tree.
(f) Ground cover may include shrubs and low-growing plants such as Liriope, English ivy, Periwinkle, and similar material. Ground cover may also include non-living organic material such as bark and pinestraw.
(g) All trees shall be preserved, unless removal is part of an approved plan.
(h) The lot shall be completely landscaped. However, planned natural areas will be allowed provided that the lawn and the natural area form a cohesive whole.
(I) Driveways shall coordinate with topography and existing vegetation to preserve all trees greater than six inches in diameter at breast height. “Straight-in” driveways should be avoided.
(j) Each lot owner must submit a landscaping plan and must completely install such plan within ninety days of occupying the residence. Additionally, each lot owner must maintain his lawn in as good or better condition than his original landscaping plan. It is not the intention of the architectural control committee to monitor every planting in CHAPEL HILL, but if a lawn, at the sole discretion of the architectural control committee, has deteriorated and/or was never installed properly, then the lot owner will be required to bring his lot into compliance with the guidelines.
(k) Each Owner must maintain the Lot and keep it free of weeds and debris, even before construction begins. In the event the Lot becomes, in the sole discretion of either the Declarant or the Board, distracting or unattractive due to the growth of weeds, grass, or other vegetation, after 5 days notice to the Owner, either the Declarant or the Board may pay to have the Lot mowed or take other necessary action. A lien may then be filed against the Lot in the same manner as for delinquent dues to the Association.
Section 32. Screening of Heating and Cooling Units. All exterior heat and air conditioning compressors or air handlers must be screened from view. This can be accomplished with either vegetation, brick and/or stone. If vegetation is used it must create a walled off effect. The screening is encouraged on all sides of the equipment but is required on the front and side of the equipment.
Section 33. Storage Tanks. Any storage tank must be approved by the architectural control committee and, if approved, must be buried, or, if they are less than fifty-gallon capacity, may, with the architectural control committee’s approval, be installed above ground, if properly screened.
Section 34. Corner Lots. All corner lots shall be built either caddie-corner to both streets or, in the case that the residence is built parallel to one of the streets, the garage must face the inte
Section 35. Basketball Goals. No basketball goals may be placed, erected or constructed on the front of any lot. Only Architectural Control Committee approved basketball goals may be erected or constructed.
Section 36. Dwelling Restrictions.
(I) All dwellings and permitted accessory buildings constructed on the lots of said subdivision shall have an exterior of at least ninety-five percent stone or masonry brick construction, with no less than ninety-five percent of the exterior of the sides of the dwellings or buildings consisting of stone or masonry brick. Visible unpainted red “sewer brick” will not be allowed.
(ii) All dwellings shall have side or rear entry garages. No front entry garages will be permitted.
(iii) All one story dwellings shall have at least 2500 square feet of heated living area. All two story dwellings shall have at least 2600 square feet of heated living area.
(iv) Roofs of dwellings constructed on all of said lots shall be of architectural grade shingles.
All dwellings shall have a roof pitch of 8/12 or greater. rior lot so that no garage will face any street at a ninety-degree angle.